Motorcycles and mopeds


Euro 5 was introduced on 1 January 2020 for new type-approval (and will be implemented from 1 January 2021 for all new vehicles) except for micro-cars (L6e-B), three-wheel mopeds designed for utility purposes (L2e-U), trial (L3e-AxT) and enduro (L3e-AxE) motorcycles which benefit from a 4-year additional lead-time.

Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 901/2014 of 18 July 2014 with regard to the administrative requirements

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 134/2014 of 16 December 2013 with regard to environmental and propulsion unit performance requirements


The first stage of emissions regulations for motorcycles (Euro 1) was introduced in 1999. The introduction of Euro 3 effectively led to the use of emission control technologies on four-stroke two- and three-wheelers from 2006. Euro 4 was introduced in 2017 and Euro 5 in 2020 which consistently have reduced the limit of pollutant emissions and have updated the cycles with which these vehicles have to be tested.

The Euro 5 introduced in European regulation the Worldwide harmonised Motorcycle Testing Cycle (WMTC), as defined by UNECE global technical regulation No 2.