Non-Road Mobile Machinery

LATEST UPDATE (September 2020)

Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 was amended to address the impact of COVID-19 crisis in the sector.

Regulation (EU) 2020/1040: impact those OEMs who are obliged to finalise the production of transition NRMM by 30.6.2020. For those engine sub- categories for which the compulsory date for placing in the market of Stage V engines is 1.1.2019, the transition period is postponed by 12 months.


The Stage V emission stage for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) started to be introduced on 01 January 2018 for EU type-approval of engines and for placing on the market of engines in January 2019.

Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016 on requirements relating to gaseous and particulate pollutant emission limits and type-approval for internal combustion engines for non-road mobile machinery:

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/654 of 19 December 2016 with regard to technical and general requirements:

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/655 of 19 December 2016 with regard to monitoring of gaseous pollutant emissions from in-service internal combustion engines installed in non-road mobile machinery:

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/656 of 19 December 2016 laying down the administrative requirements:


The first stage (Stage I) of emissions regulations for NRMM was introduced back in 1999, with limits based on different ranges of engine power. Engine manufacturers were generally able to meet subsequent stages up to Stage IIIA or IIIB using engine technology. From Stage IV, which entered into force in 2014, emission control technologies have effectively been required by the regulations. The latest and most stringent standard is Stage V which entered into force in 2019 (for engines below 56 kW and above 130 kW, and from 2020 for engines of 56-130 kW) and includes a PN standard for most of the engines used in NRMM applications.